Significant Milestones in Oil Production Technology
There have been significant changes in technology in the production of oil since its first production as you will read more here. Since oil is an essential commodity for the survival of man, a look into the changes in technology in production is a good idea. The ancient people in Mesopotamia used a hardened substance called bitumen to construct sailing vessels and put jewelry pieces together. The Kings of Egypt used bitumen for the construction of the famous pyramids. These minerals which oozed to the surface freely requiring no extraction equipment led to the discovery of oil.
The first method used to extract oil was by digging up the soil to reach the oil. In this site you learn more about how the traditional people used oil to treat diseases, light lamps to increase visibility and keep warm. Little information about oil existence was available at the time as you have seen in this site.
The next advancement in technology came in form of spring poles. The spring pole equipment as you will discover here was tied to a tree which made it possible to reach more depth and was increasingly used by the Ruffner brothers to make salt extraction easier. The importance of oil was still not known to people at this time even though they knew it was a multipurpose commodity. When steam was introduced to provide energy for the spring pole for the extraction of salt the process became enhanced. A Yale chemist Benjamin Silliman discovered more about how oil could be converted into kerosene that is used for lighting lamps. Following this information, people saw the importance of oil and processes to extract it began.
As you learn more about how the demand for oil surged in this website. More oil deposits were also discovered deeper in the earth. During the drilling process there were sediments that obstructed extraction of oil and the need for better machinery came up. Thus the rotary whose drill head went deeper past the sediment without the need to clear the debris constantly was developed. One event that marked how effectiveness of the rotary drill in the process of oil extraction was observed in Texas when a rig struck a rock resulting into a lot of oil flowing to the surface. Because the world was getting ready for the first war, the need for oil skyrocketed leading to the development of better oil tools as a result of competition. The greatest achievement for the rotary drill was the ability to reach greater depths that the spring pole wouldn’t.
At the moment as we learn more here, rotary rigs are still in use for extracting oil. Besides been in use, the equipment has had significant changes technologically to improve efficiency. From what you have read in this website, you can see that the rigs can do more work than they did in the past. For example ,as you see here is that one rig can drill multiple oil wells and even move on their own.